Women’s Cancer Series – Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer is the 10th commonest women’s cancer in Singapore.


Protect yourself against cervical cancer with just 2 easy steps – Pap smears and HPV vaccinations.



What is the cervix?

The cervix sits at the bottom of your uterus, and at the top of your vagina. It is the opening from the outer genital tract (vagina) into your inner pelvic organs (uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries).


Cervical Cancer

What causes cervical cancer?

During sexual intercourse, the cervix is exposed to organisms such as bacteria or viruses. The Human Papilloma Virus is one of them.

Human Papilloma Virus is one of the commonest sexually acquired infections. Because HPV is so common, women who have only had one sexual partner in the past are still at risk of catching it.

The more partners you have had, the higher your risk of having HPV.


HPV infects the cells of the cervix, causing local inflammation.

In the long run, HPV infection results in Cervical Cancer.


What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

Most women who have cervical cancer don’t have any symptoms!

This is why regular screening in the form of Pap smears is so important.

Other symptoms of cervical cancer include abnormal bleeding, such as bleeding after sex, bleeding in between periods, abnormally heavy periods, or bleeding after menopause.

Cervical cancer can also cause abnormal vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, or pain on urination.

Click on the links above to read more about these topics.


How do I prevent cervical cancer?

You can prevent cancer in 2 easy ways!



1. Regular Pap smear screening

All women who are sexually active should go for regular Pap smear testing.

The PAP smear procedure is very simple. Your doctor will perform a pelvic examination, which involves inserting a small plastic device known as a speculum into your vagina. This allows for better visualisation of the cervix. A scraping of the cells of your cervix will be taken using a soft brush. These cells will be sent, in a special liquid, for analysis in the lab.


During the examination, your doctor might take an additional swab to send for HPV testing. This test helps in identifying the high risk, cancer-causing strains of HPV.


If you test positive for these high-risk strains, you might require a referral to the gynaecologist for a more detailed cervical examination.


Learn more about the Frequent Asked Questions (FAQs) on PAP Smear or PAP Test


2. HPV Vaccinations

Other than regular Pap smears, you should also receive your HPV vaccination (Gardasil 9 Singapore) to prevent cervical cancer.

HPV vaccination consists of 3 vaccinations over 6 months. There are 2 types of HPV Vaccinations available in Singapore.


Learn more about the Frequent Asked Questions (FAQ) on HPV Vaccination


If you’re a Singaporean female under 26 years of age, you are eligible to use Medisave to pay for this vaccine.




Need a Female Doctor?

Having Women’s Health concerns? Please visit us or contact us at our Women’s Clinic in Singapore. We are open on weekends too.

Our Clinics:

1.) Dr Tan and Partners @Bencoolen

Main Doctor: Dr Michelle Chia

180 Bencoolen Street,
#02-20, The Bencoolen
Singapore 189646

Telephone:  +65 6884 4119

Operating Hours:
Monday – Tuesday
9.00am – 8.00pm

9.00am – 5.00pm

Thursday – Friday
9.00am – 8.00pm

Saturday – Sunday
9.00 am – 1.00 pm

Public Holiday – Closed


2.) Dr Tan and Partners@ Robertson

Main Doctors: Dr Grace Huang

(Anonymous HIV Testing is available daily too)

11 Unity Street,
#02-06/07, Robertson Walk
Singapore 237995

Telephone:  +65 6238 7810

Operating Hours:
Monday – Friday
8.00am – 9.00pm

9.00 am – 9.00 pm

9.00 am – 2.00 pm

Public Holiday – Closed


3.) Dr Tan and Partners @Scotts

Main Doctors: Dr. Elaine Loh

9 Scotts Road,
#06-06 Scotts Medical Centre,
Singapore 228210

Telephone:  +65 6694 2348

Operating Hours:
Monday – Friday
9.00am – 5.00pm

8.00 am – 1.00 pm

Sunday & Public Holiday – Closed


Click to read about these related topics:

Women’s Cancer Series – Ovarian Cancer


Women’s Cancer Series – Uterine Cancer (Womb Cancer)


Women’s Cancer Series – Breast Cancer  

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