Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious and potentially life-threatening infection that occurs due to sexually transmitted diseases.

Read on to find out more!

 

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

PID is infection and inflammation of the upper female genital tract, which include the uterus, Fallopian tubes and ovaries.

 

Who is at risk?

Women who have had unprotected sex, multiple partners, or known exposure to an STD/ STI before are at risk of PID.

 

What is the cause of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

PID starts as an infection in the lower genital tract, at the vagina or cervix, and travels up into the upper genital organs.

Sexually transmitted infections/diseases (STIs/STDs) are usually responsible for these lower genital tract infections.

The top cause is Chlamydia, but other causes include gonorrhoea, gardnerella, trichomonas and other genital-specific organisms. Find out the risk of contracted Chlamydia – here

 

Read about STIs here.

 

What are the symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

Most women experience lower abdominal pain or abnormal vaginal discharge. Discharge can be yellow, green, white or brown, and can be sticky or foul smelling.

Other symptoms include bleeding after sex, abnormal periods, bleeding between periods and pain during sex.

Some patients with PID may have no symptoms at all.

 

What are the complications of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

Left untreated, PID can result in tubo-ovarian abscesses, which are collections of pus within the Fallopian tubes and ovaries.

PID can also cause peritonitis, a serious infection of the inner lining of your abdominal cavity.

Over years, PID results in infertility and chronic pelvic pain, and also increases your chances of having an abnormal ectopic pregnancy in the future.

Learn more about Women’s Fertility and STDs

 

How is it diagnosed?

PID is diagnosed based on risk factors, clinical history and physical examination.

An ultrasound of the pelvis is also used to identify complications of PID.

 

How is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) treated?

PID is treated with a long course of antibiotics.

In cases where complications arise, patients may need to be referred for specialist care, to receive treatment with intravenous (IV) antibiotics, or to undergo surgery.

 

Don’t allow Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) to go untreated.

 

If you’ve had unprotected sex, multiple partners, or known exposure to an STD/ STI before, talk to your doctor today about STD screening.


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1.) Dr Tan and Partners @Bencoolen

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Other Women’s Sexual Health Articles:

  1. Vaginal Yeast Infection (Thrush)
  2. A Women Guide to Contraception
  3. STD Trichomoniasis and Green Fishy Smell Discharge
  4. STD Chlamydia Screening & Treatment
  5. STD Women’s Gonorrhoea Symptoms & Treatment
  6. STD Women’s Herpes Infection
  7. Urine Pain & Non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU)
  8. Bleeding After Sex
  9. Abnormal Vaginal Discharge 
  10. Women’s STD Screening, Testing and Treatment Service

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